Understanding the Different Types and Parts of a Skateboard

.SkateboarderSkateboarding is one of the fastest growing sports in the world. It is celebrated as an activity that promotes both individualism and perseverance. If you have never done skateboarding before, it is the time you consider visiting your local skateboard shop and purchase a complete skateboard. Probably, you might be having some questions about the parts of a skateboard itself. Rest your worries and continue reading as this guide takes you through the different types and parts of a complete skateboard.

Types of skateboards

If you are getting into skateboarding, it is important you familiarize yourself with the different types of skateboards that skateboarders use. Skateboards come in four basic types (shapes). Each type is designed for a particular kind of skateboarding. Your choice of the board should match the style you want to skate. These types are;

  1. Shortboard

    Quest Super Cruiser Artisan Bamboo Longboard Skateboard (44-Inch) available on Amazon
    Quest Super Cruiser Artisan Bamboo Longboard Skateboard (44-Inch) available on Amazon

They are the shortest style boards designed and shaped for getting air and performing impressive tricks. If your choice of skating involves street or park skating, then the shortboard style deck will be the perfect match for you.

  1. Cruiser

The cruiser boards have kicktails and are designed purposely for cruising around. The cruisers are mid-length. These cruisers are quite versatile and easy to maneuver and this makes them suitable for cruising the streets.

  1. Old School

The old school board is comprised of a flat nose kicktail. They are asymmetrical and consist of a wider nose. The old school board makes a perfect choice in skating along pools, carving the streets and ramps.

  1. Longboard

The longboards are mainly designed for downhill racing. It is the skateboard to push you around for transportation. These boards tends to have asymmetrical shape. They sit lower on the ground and their wheels have cutouts.


A complete skateboard is one which has the following preassembled parts;

  • Deck
  • Truck
  • Wheel
  • Bearing
  • Tail
  • Hardware
  • Griptape
  1. Deck

The skateboard deck is the largest/longest part of the entire skateboard. It is the flat board that you stand on when skating. Decks are made from foam, maple wood, plastic or bamboo. Their shape and size determine the type of skateboard and then type of skating you want to do.

  1. Trucks

The skateboard truck is a metal part that is used to connect the board and the wheels. The user can make some adjustments by tightening or loosening them in accordance to your feet. The change determines if the board will turn slowly or quick.

  1. Wheels

The Skateboard wheels come in a lot of kinds. They can be small, hard, soft, square and more. Their shapes determine how the board will feel.

  1. Bearing


Inside the wheel, we have the bearing. This is the component that makes the board roll allowing the skateboarder to navigate/move from one place to another.

  1. Hardware

The Skateboard hardware is used to hold the deck to the trucks. It consists of 8 nuts and eight bolts that hold the board altogether.

  1. Griptape

The grip tape is the secret to doing all the excellent skateboard tricks. It allows one to grip the board with the feet. This is what makes the board stick when one is doing tricks.

Those are the essential parts of a standard skateboard. Other accessories include; copers, tail blocks, rails, risers and sparks.


Performance of a skateboard

Concave is the primary factor that determines the board performance. The manufacturers of skateboards are always experimenting with new concave shapes to improve the performance of the boards. Concave give riders an edge in drifting, sliding and turning. The main types include;

  1. Radial Concave – It is a subtle U-shaped curve that gives the feet a better grip and is useful in nearly all skateboarding scenarios.
  1. Progressive Concave – This is a more dramatic version of the radial concave shape. It allows a more secure footing and better locked-in feel.
  1. W-Concave – This board comprises of an extra curve in the centerline that enables the user to shift more energy from the heel to the toe, giving high precision and quick turning.
  1. Asymmetrical – This is when the board’s rail rise at different angles allowing riders more power in their heels for turning.
  1. Convex– The convex type features an upward-arching deck. Downward skateboarders love this type.
  1. Flat – The flat type allows a lot of space for the feet giving a better room for board walking and other tricks.

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